In 2008, The Kingdom of Bahrain was the first country to undergo the Universal Periodic Review. Bahrain received ten recommendations that were fully accepted and made 37 voluntary pledges to promote and protect human rights. After the first cycle, Bahrain launched a National Action Plan to follow up on the progress of its implementation of the recommendations and its voluntary pledges.

The National Action Plan was implemented through a four-year working program executed by a Steering Committee that comprised of representative of Government agencies, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the judiciary, parliamentarians, and the private sector, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).