This first summary periodic report is submitted by Bahrain in fulfillment of one of its voluntary commitments during its first universal periodic review for human rights that was adapted in June 2008.

In late 2007 by system of draw, Bahrain was the very first country to undergo the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) which took place on 7 April 2008. Bahrain prepared its initial UPR Report adopting a transparent, inclusive and participatory approach involving a media campaign and culminating in a National Stakeholders Consultation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on behalf of the newly established UPR Steering Committee, was responsible for preparing this Annual Periodic Report, with the support of UNDP, and following a consultation with key stakeholders.

Bahrain views the universal periodic review as a continuing four year process which affords an opportunity to highlight positive measures adopted to give effect to human rights and to assess challenges and constraints to their realisation. This periodic report therefore not only reviews the positive developments that have taken place over the course of the past year, since June 2008, but also identifies continuing challenges and limitations, and assesses progress made in adopting and implementing a national plan of action to implement the recommendations made to, and the voluntary pledges adopted by, Bahrain, in the course of the first universal periodic review.

Summary report on follow up to and implementation of the outcome of the universal periodic review